Travelling for Hajj & Umrah? Read our guide on staying healthy - click here.
There has been an increase in cases of Mers-Cov in Saudi Arabia where an outbreak is occuring in Riyadh, Hofuf, Alkharj and Aldawadmi. Twelve new cases of MERS-CoV infection were reported to WHO between 17-24 October 2015.
The risk is low to UK travellers. General infection control measures should reduce the risk.
1. Avoid close contact with someone who has respiratory infections.
2. Frequent hadwashing, especially after contact with people. Use of Hand sanitizer
3. Avoid uncooked food, raw fruit and vegatables unless they have been peeled and suitably washed.
Travellers to the middle east who develop respiratory symptoms should seek medical advice.
|All travellers||Some travellers||When to get Vaccinated*|
|Diphtheria||Anytime before travel
|Hepatitis A||2 weeks before travel
|Hepatitis B||3 weeks before travel
|Meningitis ACWY||2 weeks before travel
|MMR||1 month before travel
|Rabies||4 weeks before travel
|Tetanus||Anytime before travel
|Typhoid||2 weeks before travel
||10 days before travel
*Vaccination schedules are approximate and are calculated based on the first dose. Schedules are subject to change depending on your individual needs and will be discussed in your appointment. These are the minimum times required for full protection, you can start your course of treatment earlier.
**Vaccines work best if given time to become fully active. These vaccinations can be given up to the day before if needed and will provide some cover. Your Travel Nurse will discuss any health implications in your appointment.
There is no risk of Yellow Fever in Saudi Arabia.
Yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers over 1 year of age arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission and for travellers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.
Malaria is present in Saudi Arabia.
There is no vaccination for Malaria, you may need to take Antimalarial tablets as it is a risk area. We recommend you have a consultation with our expert Travel Nurses to talk through your Antimalarial medication options.
There is a risk of Chikungunya virus in this country. Spread by mosquitos, Chikungunya virus is widespread across Africa, South-East Asia, the Indian sub-continent and the Philippines. Occasionally, the virus can be found in other countries where the mosquito that spreads Chikungunya can also be found. There is no vaccination against Chikungunya, it is important to protect yourself with bite avoidance products like DEET. For more information - click here.
There is a risk of Dengue Fever in this country. It is spread by a species of mosquito called Aedes aegypti, otherwise known as the ‘tiger mosquito’ which mainly bites during the day. The illness is widespread throughout the tropics and subtropics, affecting over 100 countries with approximately 50 million cases globally a year. Currently most infections occur in SE Asia, South and Central America, Mexico, Africa, Indian sub-continent, Hawaii and the Pacific. There is currently no vaccination against Dengue Fever, it is therefore important to protect yourself during the day with bite avoidance products like DEET. For more information - click here.
There is a risk of Schistosomiasis in this country. A parasitic infection (also known as bilharzia), Schistosomiasis is transmitted to humans through contact with fresh water, when the parasitic worm enters through the skin. Usually, no symptoms are felt until 2-4 weeks after exposure, when fever, diarrhoea, cough or a rash can occur as the parasites move around the body. Long term disease can lead to damage of the bladder, kidneys, bowel, liver and genital tract. Prevention is dependent on avoidance of swimming, bathing or paddling in fresh water lakes and streams.