|All travellers||Some travellers||When to get Vaccinated*|
|Hepatitis A||2 weeks before travel
|Diphtheria||Anytime before travel
|Hepatitis B||3 weeks before travel
|MMR||1 month before travel
|Rabies||4 weeks before travel
|Tetanus||Anytime before travel
||10 days before travel
*Vaccination schedules are approximate and are calculated based on the first dose. Schedules are subject to change depending on your individual needs and will be discussed in your appointment. These are the minimum times required for full protection, you can start your course of treatment earlier.
**Vaccines work best if given time to become fully active. These vaccinations can be given up to the day before if needed and will provide some cover. Your Travel Nurse will discuss any health implications in your appointment.
There is no risk of Yellow Fever in Costa Rica.
Yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers over 9 months of age arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission with the exception of Burundi, Chad, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Central African Republic, Rwanda, Senegal, South Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Argentina, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Suriname and Trinidad and for travellers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.
Malaria is present but is low risk, bite avoidance is essential however antimalarials are not required. We recommend you have a consultation with our expert Travel Nurses to talk through your options.
There is a risk of Chikungunya virus in this country. Spread by mosquitos, Chikungunya virus is widespread across Africa, South-East Asia, the Indian sub-continent and the Philippines. Occasionally, the virus can be found in other countries where the mosquito that spreads Chikungunya can also be found. There is no vaccination against Chikungunya, it is important to protect yourself with bite avoidance products like DEET. For more information - click here.
There is a risk of Dengue Fever in this country. It is spread by a species of mosquito called Aedes aegypti, otherwise known as the ‘tiger mosquito’ which mainly bites during the day. The illness is widespread throughout the tropics and subtropics, affecting over 100 countries with approximately 50 million cases globally a year. Currently most infections occur in SE Asia, South and Central America, Mexico, Africa, Indian sub-continent, Hawaii and the Pacific. There is currently no vaccination against Dengue Fever, it is therefore important to protect yourself during the day with bite avoidance products like DEET. For more information - click here.
There are some high altitude areas in this country. Travellers should take care to avoid Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) by taking time to acclimatise properly. AMS can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, level of fitness or training. At high atlitude, extra precautions should be taken against the harsh conditions, which can cause damaging ultraviolet and cold exposure. All Nomad Travel Health Nurses are trained to advise on AMS, and it may be appropriate for you to take certain medications that may help with aclimitisation. Book an appointment to discuss health issues related to altitude, based on your specific itinerary. For more information - click here.