Travelling in Europe, you will find a staggering variety of landscapes and cultures. Western European countries offer a temperate climate and lovely walking, cycling and camping opportunites. In the East, you will discover a wealth of history and stunning architechture as Europe meets Asia in edge lying countries like Turkey. Russia covers a vast area, with many cultures all of it’s own and the chance to experience them all the way to the Orient on the Trans-Siberian railway.
Recommended Travel Vaccines for Europe
|ALL TRAVELLERS||SOME TRAVELLERS||COURSE*|
|Diphtheria||Anytime before travel|
|Hepatitis A||2 weeks before travel|
|Hepatitis B||3 weeks before travel|
|MMR||1 month before travel|
|Polio||Anytime before travel|
|Rabies||4 weeks before travel|
|Tetanus||Anytime before travel|
|Tick Borne Encephalitis||3 months before travel|
|Typhoid||2 weeks before travel|
*Vaccination schedules are approximate and are calculated based on the first dose. Schedules are subject to change depending on your individual needs and will be discussed in your appointment. These are the minimum times required to complete courses or for vaccines to become fully effective. You can always start your course of vaccinations earlier than stated, as vaccines work best when your body has time to process them. Your Travel Nurse will discuss any health implications in your appointment
Yellow Fever in Europe
There is no risk of Yellow Fever in Europe.
Some countries require arriving travellers to have certification of immunisation for Yellow Fever.
For country specific information on Yellow Fever choose your destination from the list below
Other Health Risks
High Altitude in Europe
There are some high altitude areas. Travellers should take care to avoid Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) by taking time to acclimatise properly. AMS can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, level of fitness or training. At high altitude, extra precautions should be taken against the harsh conditions, which can cause damaging ultraviolet and cold exposure. All Nomad Travel Health Nurses are trained to advise on AMS, and it may be appropriate for you to take certain medications that may help with acclimatisation. Book an appointment to discuss health issues related to altitude, based on your specific itinerary. For more information – click here.
Leptospirosis in Europe
There is a risk of Leptospirosis. Leptospirosis infection is widespread throughout the world, but cases are most common in tropical climates, areas where the standard of hygiene is poor and in areas subject to flooding. The infection occurs when cuts or abrasions of the skin and mucous membrane (eyes, mouth) come into contact with flood water, moist soil, vegetation (particularly bamboo) and fresh water infected by animal urine and other secretions. Prevention is dependent on covering cuts, scratches and open skin lesions with waterproof plasters, avoiding swallowing or drinking potentially infected water and, where risk is high, protective clothing should be worn.