Vaccinations for Thailand
For people trekking in the countryside, staying for longer periods or for those at higher risk, recommended vaccinations for Thailand might include: Cholera, Diphtheria, Hepatitis B, Japanese Encephalitis, Measles, Mumps & Rubella, Rabies, Typhoid & Yellow Fever.
There is a risk of Malaria in Thailand, see below for advice
A certificate of vaccination against Yellow Fever may be required to enter Thailand, see below for advice
Vaccines Recommended to All Travellers to Thailand
All travellers to all areas of this country are advised to have these vaccinations along with staying up to date with the routine vaccination schedule for the UK. Book a consultation for a full travel health risk assessment.
Vaccines Recommended to Some Travellers to Thailand
These vaccinations may be advised depending on the specific areas you are travelling to, your medical history and your itinary. Book a consultation for expert guidance on whether these vaccines are recommended for you.
Japanese Encephalitis is a disease spread through the bite of an infected mosquito, which can cause inflammation of the brain. Japanese Encephalitis is most common in parts of Asia. Vaccination against Japanese Encephalitis may be recommended
- 2 doses of Japanese Encephalitis are required
- Doses administered 28 days apart
- Given any time before travel
Measles, Mumps & Rubella
Measles, Mumps & Rubella (MMR) are viral illnesses spread by the respiratory route; coughing, sneezing etc. They are present globally in all countries of the world and are therefore MMR is a risk to all travellers.
- 2 doses of MMR are required
- Doses administered 1 month apart
- Given any time before travel
Rabies is endemic throughout most of the world. The Rabies virus is carried in the saliva of infected mammals. Rabies affects the nervous system and, once symptoms develop, death is inevitable – even with good medical care.
- 3 doses of Rabies are required
- Doses administered 21-28 days apart
- Given any time before travel
Typhoid is spread through contaminated food and water. Typhoid is common in areas with poor standards in food hygiene & preparation, and where suitable treatment of sewage is lacking. There are several types of Typhoid vaccination available.
- 1-3 doses of Typhoid are required
- Doses administered once or over 4 days
- Given 7-14 days before travel
Malaria Risk in Thailand
Malaria is present in Thailand.
There is no vaccination against Malaria, you may need to take Antimalarial tablets there are some high risk areas. We recommend you have a consultation with an expert Nomad nurse to talk through your malaria tablet recommendations.
Yellow Fever in Thailand
There is no risk of Yellow Fever in Thailand.
Yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers aged 1 year or over arriving from countries with risk of Yellow Fever transmission and for travellers having transited more than 12 hours through an airport of a country with risk of Yellow Fever transmission.
Other Health Risks
Chikungunya in Thailand
There is a risk of Chikungunya virus in this country. Spread by mosquitos, Chikungunya virus is widespread across Africa, South-East Asia, the Indian sub-continent and the Philippines. Occasionally, the virus can be found in other countries where the mosquito that spreads Chikungunya can also be found. There is no vaccination against Chikungunya, it is important to protect yourself with bite avoidance products like DEET. For more information – click here.
High Altitude in Thailand
There are some high altitude areas. Travellers should take care to avoid Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) by taking time to acclimatise properly. AMS can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, level of fitness or training. At high altitude, extra precautions should be taken against the harsh conditions, which can cause damaging ultraviolet and cold exposure. All Nomad Travel Health Nurses are trained to advise on AMS, and it may be appropriate for you to take certain medications that may help with acclimatisation. Book an appointment to discuss health issues related to altitude, based on your specific itinerary. For more information – click here.
Zika Virus in Thailand
Zika is a viral infection transmitted by daytime biting mosquitoes. These mosquitoes bite an infected person and then spread the infection to others when they bite again. Pregnant women are advised not to travel into Zika regions, and male partners must use condoms for 6 months after travel into affected areas to prevent sexual transmission of the disease to a pregnant partner. If planning pregnancy, female travellers should avoid getting pregnant for at least 8 weeks after being in a Zika region. Whereas men must avoid getting a woman pregnant for at least 6 months following travel into a Zika region as the virus can survive in sperm for much longer and can be sexually transmitted. For more information – click here.
Dengue Fever in Thailand
There is a risk of Dengue Fever. It is spread by a species of mosquito called Aedes aegypti, otherwise known as the ‘tiger mosquito’ which mainly bites during the day. The illness is widespread throughout the tropics and subtropics, affecting over 100 countries with approximately 50 million cases globally a year. Currently most infections occur in SE Asia, South and Central America, Mexico, Africa, Indian sub-continent, Hawaii and the Pacific. There is currently no vaccination against Dengue Fever, it is therefore important to protect yourself during the day with bite avoidance products like DEET. For more information – click here.
Leptospirosis in Thailand
There is a risk of Leptospirosis. Leptospirosis infection is widespread throughout the world, but cases are most common in tropical climates, areas where the standard of hygiene is poor and in areas subject to flooding. The infection occurs when cuts or abrasions of the skin and mucous membrane (eyes, mouth) come into contact with flood water, moist soil, vegetation (particularly bamboo) and fresh water infected by animal urine and other secretions. Prevention is dependent on covering cuts, scratches and open skin lesions with waterproof plasters, avoiding swallowing or drinking potentially infected water and, where risk is high, protective clothing should be worn.