Recommended Travel Vaccines for Sierra Leone
|ALL TRAVELLERS||SOME TRAVELLERS||COURSE*|
|Diphtheria||Anytime before travel|
|Hepatitis A||2 weeks before travel|
|Tetanus||Anytime before travel|
|Yellow Fever||10 days before travel|
|Cholera||6 weeks before travel|
|Hepatitis B||3 weeks before travel|
|MMR||1 month before travel|
|Rabies||4 weeks before travel|
|Typhoid||2 weeks before travel|
*Vaccination schedules are approximate and are calculated based on the first dose. Schedules are subject to change depending on your individual needs and will be discussed in your appointment. These are the minimum times required to complete courses or for vaccines to become fully effective. You can always start your course of vaccinations earlier than stated, as vaccines work best when your body has time to process them. Your Travel Nurse will discuss any health implications in your appointment
Malaria Risk in Sierra Leone
Malaria is present in Sierra Leone.
There is no vaccination for Malaria, you will need to take Antimalarial tablets as it is a high risk area. We recommend you have a consultation with our expert Travel Nurses to talk through your Antimalarial medication options.
Other Health Risks
Chikungunya in Sierra Leone
There is a risk of Chikungunya virus in this country. Spread by mosquitos, Chikungunya virus is widespread across Africa, South-East Asia, the Indian sub-continent and the Philippines. Occasionally, the virus can be found in other countries where the mosquito that spreads Chikungunya can also be found. There is no vaccination against Chikungunya, it is important to protect yourself with bite avoidance products like DEET. For more information – click here.
Schistosomiasis in Sierra Leone
There is a risk of Schistosomiasis in this country. A parasitic infection (also known as bilharzia), Schistosomiasis is transmitted to humans through contact with fresh water, when the parasitic worm enters through the skin. Usually, no symptoms are felt until 2-4 weeks after exposure, when fever, diarrhoea, cough or a rash can occur as the parasites move around the body. Long term disease can lead to damage of the bladder, kidneys, bowel, liver and genital tract. Prevention is dependent on avoidance of swimming, bathing or paddling in fresh water lakes and streams. For more information – click here.
Dengue Fever in Sierra Leone
There is a risk of Dengue Fever. It is spread by a species of mosquito called Aedes aegypti, otherwise known as the ‘tiger mosquito’ which mainly bites during the day. The illness is widespread throughout the tropics and subtropics, affecting over 100 countries with approximately 50 million cases globally a year. Currently most infections occur in SE Asia, South and Central America, Mexico, Africa, Indian sub-continent, Hawaii and the Pacific. There is currently no vaccination against Dengue Fever, it is therefore important to protect yourself during the day with bite avoidance products like DEET. For more information – click here.